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Queer History (A Timeline)
 
# 31 : Thursday 21-8-2014 @ 09:15
 
 
Come Here To Me has another post thisweek, this time on the first Irish lgbt protest march. There is a a funny and wonderful side to it: the first demonstration of solidarity:

http://comeheretome.com/2014/08/15/unlikely-allies-at-the-first-e etc ...

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# 32 : Friday 17-10-2014 @ 17:16
 
 


The picture is of a plaque unveiled in France in memory of the last men executed their for homosexuality. Bruno Lenoir and Jean Diot were burned alive in 1750.
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# 33 : Tuesday 27-1-2015 @ 20:04
 
 
In last week’s [ New Yorker ] magazine, Alex Ross wrote about the little-known history of gay rights in Germany in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He joins Amelia Lester on this week’s Out Loud podcast to discuss how many of the ideas that we consider foundational to the modern gay-rights movement were first articulated in Germany more than a hundred years ago, and why this period is often overlooked. “German culture over the last couple centuries is so often seen through the lens of Hitler, of the Nazi period,” Ross says. “We tend to omit aspects of the story that don’t fit that narrative. And this astonishingly progressive movement around gay rights is an example of something that just doesn’t fit our stereotype.”​

Podcast here:
http://www.newyorker.com/culture/culture-desk/out-loud-podcast-ga etc ...
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# 34 : Saturday 4-7-2015 @ 00:32
 
 
I missed this anniversary yesterday:

New York Times
Rare Cancer Seen in 41 Homosexuals
By Lawrence K. Altman
Published: July 3, 1981

http://www.nytimes.com/1981/07/03/us/rare-cancer-seen-in-41-homos etc ...

Doctors in New York and California have diagnosed among homosexual men 41 cases of a rare and often rapidly fatal form of cancer. Eight of the victims died less than 24 months after the diagnosis was made.

The cause of the outbreak is unknown, and there is as yet no evidence of contagion. But the doctors who have made the diagnoses, mostly in New York City and the San Francisco Bay area, are alerting other physicians who treat large numbers of homosexual men to the problem in an effort to help identify more cases and to reduce the delay in offering chemotherapy treatment.

The sudden appearance of the cancer, called Kaposi's Sarcoma, has prompted a medical investigation that experts say could have as much scientific as public health importance because of what it may teach about determining the causes of more common types of cancer. First Appears in Spots

Doctors have been taught in the past that the cancer usually appeared first in spots on the legs and that the disease took a slow course of up to 10 years. But these recent cases have shown that it appears in one or more violet-colored spots anywhere on the body. The spots generally do not itch or cause other symptoms, often can be mistaken for bruises, sometimes appear as lumps and can turn brown after a period of time. The cancer often causes swollen lymph glands, and then kills by spreading throughout the body.

Doctors investigating the outbreak believe that many cases have gone undetected because of the rarity of the condition and the difficulty even dermatologists may have in diagnosing it.

In a letter alerting other physicians to the problem, Dr. Alvin E. Friedman-Kien of New York University Medical Center, one of the investigators, described the appearance of the outbreak as ''rather devastating.''

Dr. Friedman-Kien said in an interview yesterday that he knew of 41 cases collated in the last five weeks, with the cases themselves dating to the past 30 months. The Federal Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta is expected to publish the first description of the outbreak in its weekly report today, according to a spokesman, Dr. James Curran. The report notes 26 of the cases - 20 in New York and six in California.

There is no national registry of cancer victims, but the nationwide incidence of Kaposi's Sarcoma in the past had been estimated by the Centers for Disease Control to be less than six-one-hundredths of a case per 100,000 people annually, or about two cases in every three million people. However, the disease accounts for up to 9 percent of all cancers in a belt across equatorial Africa, where it commonly affects children and young adults.

In the United States, it has primarily affected men older than 50 years. But in the recent cases, doctors at nine medical centers in New York and seven hospitals in California have been diagnosing the condition among younger men, all of whom said in the course of standard diagnostic interviews that they were homosexual. Although the ages of the patients have ranged from 26 to 51 years, many have been under 40, with the mean at 39.

Nine of the 41 cases known to Dr. Friedman-Kien were diagnosed in California, and several of those victims reported that they had been in New York in the period preceding the diagnosis. Dr. Friedman-Kien said that his colleagues were checking on reports of two victims diagnosed in Copenhagen, one of whom had visited New York. Viral Infections Indicated

No one medical investigator has yet interviewed all the victims, Dr. Curran said. According to Dr. Friedman-Kien, the reporting doctors said that most cases had involved homosexual men who have had multiple and frequent sexual encounters with different partners, as many as 10 sexual encounters each night up to four times a week.

Many of the patients have also been treated for viral infections such as herpes, cytomegalovirus and hepatitis B as well as parasitic infections such as amebiasis and giardiasis. Many patients also reported that they had used drugs such as amyl nitrite and LSD to heighten sexual pleasure.

Cancer is not believed to be contagious, but conditions that might precipitate it, such as particular viruses or environmental factors, might account for an outbreak among a single group.

The medical investigators say some indirect evidence actually points away from contagion as a cause. None of the patients knew each other, although the theoretical possibility that some may have had sexual contact with a person with Kaposi's Sarcoma at some point in the past could not be excluded, Dr. Friedman-Kien said.

Dr. Curran said there was no apparent danger to nonhomosexuals from contagion. ''The best evidence against contagion,'' he said, ''is that no cases have been reported to date outside the homosexual community or in women.''

Dr. Friedman-Kien said he had tested nine of the victims and found severe defects in their immunological systems. The patients had serious malfunctions of two types of cells called T and B cell lymphocytes, which have important roles in fighting infections and cancer.

But Dr. Friedman-Kien emphasized that the researchers did not know whether the immunological defects were the underlying problem or had developed secondarily to the infections or drug use.

The research team is testing various hypotheses, one of which is a possible link between past infection with cytomegalovirus and development of Kaposi's Sarcoma.

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# 35 : Saturday 4-7-2015 @ 01:18
 
 
Someone said :


The picture is of a plaque unveiled in France in memory of the last men executed their for homosexuality. Bruno Lenoir and Jean Diot were burned alive in 1750.

One of the lesser known consequences of the French Revolution was decriminalisation. Police harrassment continued though.
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# 36 : Saturday 4-7-2015 @ 12:48
 
 
Interesting article with some information on Irish LGBT historical items on exhibition in Berlin:

http://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/people/gay-pride-gay-mar etc ...
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# 37 : Saturday 4-7-2015 @ 12:56
 
 
I got a fright reading that New York Times article, I thought it was present day and there was a new horrible virus.
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# 38 : Sunday 5-7-2015 @ 00:22
 
 
More on Berlin here:

http://thepointmag.com/2015/criticism/gay-berlin

Whether Berlin was the singular birthplace of modern identity or simply first among equals, it’s hard not to be astonished by its forgotten past. Our queer ancestors turn out to have been prouder and our straight forebears more tolerant than we give them credit for.

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# 39 : Sunday 5-7-2015 @ 00:36
 
 
Someone said :
More on Berlin here:

http://thepointmag.com/2015/criticism/gay-berlin

Queer spaces are shadowy by nature, hard to see and even harder to find again once they’ve been lost. It’s what makes writing their history so difficult— and so important.

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# 40 : Tuesday 14-7-2015 @ 00:53
 
 
On this day (well, yesterday actually - I'm getting around to this after midnight), the British House of Lords passed the second reading of the Bill that decriminalised homosexuality in England and Wales (outside of the armed forces).
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# 41 : Saturday 29-8-2015 @ 14:59
 
 
An interesting site (sometimes NSFW), mostly US and German history

Someone said :
Remembering The UpStairs Lounge: The U.S.A.’s Largest LGBT Massacre

The UpStairs Lounge arson attack took place on June 24, 1973, at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at 141 Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. Thirty-two people died as a result of fire or smoke inhalation. The official cause is listed as “undetermined origin. The most likely suspect, a gay man who had been thrown out of the bar earlier in the day, was never charged.

Homophobia being what it was, several families declined to claim the bodies and one church after another refused to bury or memorialize the dead. Three victims were never identified or claimed.

It was the deadliest fire in New Orleans history and the largest massacre of gay people ever in the U.S. Yet it didn’t make much of an impact news-wise. The few respectable news organizations that deigned to cover the tragedy made little of the fact that the majority of the victims had been gay, while talk-radio hosts tended to take a jocular or sneering tone: What do we bury them in? Fruit jars.

No one was ever charged with the crime, although an itinerant troublemaker with known mental problems, Rogder Dale Nunez, is said to have claimed responsibility multiple times. Nunez, a sometime visitor to the UpStairs Lounge, committed suicide in 1974.

http://thegayreich.tumblr.com/
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# 42 : Wednesday 30-9-2015 @ 23:21
 
 
http://thegayreich.tumblr.com/post/130158958765/lgbt-hero-willem- etc ...

Lgbt Hero: Willem Arondeus “Homosexuals Are Not Cowards”

One evening in March 1943, a building burst into flames in Amsterdam. By dawn, scattered pieces of paper shone through the charred rafters of the collapsed roof. The papers held Dutch citizens’ names, recorded by the Nazis to keep tabs on the occupied Netherlands. The bomb that struck the building destroyed less than a quarter of the Amsterdam Public Records Office’s holdings, but it sent a message that the Nazis wouldn’t forget: We are fighting back. The bombing is a powerful symbol of Dutch resistance to fascism to this day but the man responsible for it is only starting to receive recognition.

Willem Arondeus was one of the most dedicated and creative organizers of the Dutch Underground. But because he was openly gay, his name was often downplayed in books about wartime resistance.

When the Nazis invaded the Netherlands in May 1940, they were keen to keep the Dutch on their side - no immediate deportations, violence or strict curfews. Maybe the Nazis weren’t so bad, some Dutch argued. But minorities like Arondeus had no delusions. Same-sex relations had been legal in the Netherlands for over a century, but the new government wasted no time in recriminalizing homosexuality. Inspired by Maris, the activist he’d written about who fought for democracy in the 1871 Paris Commune uprising, Arondeus was among the first to join the Dutch resistance.

Arondeus joined a group that forged identity papers - precious commodities in any fascist-controlled state. As the Nazis started cracking down on Amsterdam’s Jewish population, his organization focused on providing Dutch Jews with fake identities. He also worked tirelessly to publish anti-Nazi information and recruit people in the community to join the resistance.

In 1943, it became clear to Arondeus that time was running out for both Dutch Jews and others on the Gestapo’s watch lists. So he devised a plan to do away with those lists altogether. The records office held information on hundreds of thousands of Dutch people, including Jews, and the Nazis used this catalog to check fake identities. The best way to interrupt the flow of information, Arondeus decided, was to blow it up.

On March 27, 1943, dressed as a German Army captain, Arondeus marched 15 men up to the Public Records Office. They disabled the guards by drugging them, positioned the explosives and made Dutch history.

The group’s success, however, was short-lived. Within a few days, the Gestapo had captured all the resistance fighters involved in the bombing; an anonymous traitor within the organization had turned them all in. At his sham trial, Arondeus took full responsibility for the bombing. Tragically, this didn’t stop the Nazis from executing 13 of the saboteurs - including Arondeus - by firing squad, while the others managed to flee the country.

Defiant to the end, Arondeus communicated his final words through his lawyer. His message? “Homosexuals are not cowards.”

As a resistance organizer, Arondeus was an inspiration to his colleagues and may have helped hundreds of Jews escape deportation. Nevertheless, his legacy has been largely overlooked in the Netherlands. His family received a medal from the Dutch government commemorating his bravery in the 1980s, but despite his final message of defiance, his sexuality was omitted from history books until the 1990s.

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# 43 : Saturday 3-10-2015 @ 11:08
 
 
Before Stonewall

1
The Compton’s Cafeteria Riot occurred in August 1966 in the Tenderloin district of San Francisco. This incident was one of the first recorded transgender riots in United States history, preceding the more famous 1969 Stonewall Riots in New York City.

Compton’s Cafeteria was one of a chain of cafeterias, owned by Gene Compton, in San Francisco from the 1940s to the 1970s. The Tenderloin location of Compton’s at 101 Taylor Street (at Turk)—open from 1954 to 1972—was one of the few places where transgender people could congregate publicly in the city, because they were unwelcome in gay bars. In addition, the cafeteria was open all hours until the riots occurred. Most of the fights occurred from 2-3 am so they were forced to close at midnight. Because cross-dressing was illegal at the time, police could use the presence of transgender people in a bar as a pretext for making a raid and closing the bar.

http://ourqueerhistory.com/comptons-cafeteria-riot/

= = = = = = = = = =

2
February 11, 1967 is not a date that’s widely heralded as significant in the fight for LGBT civil rights. In the popular consciousness, it doesn’t rival June 28, 1969, the day of the famous Stonewall riot in New York City, which is widely regarded as the beginning of the modern LGBT rights movement. But in truth the 1967 Black Cat protest is the older sister — the Jan Brady to Stonewall’s “Marcia, Marcia, Marcia” — of Stonewall. And in Southern California, its claws ran deep and left their own indelible mark.

It was the first time that LGBT people in the United States organized a protest against police persecution. The raid and the arrests that accompanied it inspired the first legal argument that gay people were entitled to equal protection under the law.

“We need a plaque to look at and go to,” said Alexei Romanoff, 77, one of the few known survivors of the 1967 protest that followed the raid. “I want some young person to go and say, ‘That’s where my civil rights started.’ ”

The Black Cat is at 3903 Sunset Blvd. at Hyperion Avenue. In the late 1960s it was one of a dozen gay bars along a one-mile stretch of Sunset ending at Sunset Junction.

“Most are beer bars, with pool tables, juke-boxes, coin-operated game machines,” gay activist Jim Highland wrote in a 1967 article in Tangents, a gay magazine published in the late 1960s. “The buildings housing the bars are shabby, the rents cheap, and business failures are common. But when one bar closes another soon opens.”

They may have been run down, but those bars were among the few places where gay and lesbian people could gather. Evelyn Hooker, a UCLA psychologist who studied homosexual men in Los Angeles during the 1950s and 1960s, described the gay bar as the central institution of the homosexual subculture of the time. The bar was a place where “the protective mask of the day may be dropped.”

http://ourqueerhistory.com/l-a-s-black-cat-where-the-fight-for-ga etc ...
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# 44 : Friday 20-11-2015 @ 21:07
 
 
The original of this is in French, but it's fascinating.

http://360.ch/blog/magazine/2015/11/hanky-code-quand-les-gays-mon etc ...

Here is a translating courtesy of google


Hanky code - When gays heralded the color!

In the 1970s, decades before the onset of dating websites, Americans have found a way to display their preferences in discreetly. "Are you a left? Or are you right? Or are you switching. Just for tonight? I Do not Even know all the codes. Purpose baby you better find out before you go," Peaches sings on the album "Impeach My Bush ":"??? Are you left or right Or do you change just for one night I do not know all the codes, but baby, you better find before leaving." The Canadian queer artist exiled in Berlin honors the hanky code on the piece of the same name, this code bandanas used by US gay to know in a heartbeat sexual preferences of their potential partners.

It all started with a joke: At the dawn of the 1970s, a journalist from the New York weekly "The Village Voice" remarked that it would be much more effective if gays were using squares of colored fabric to indicate their sexual preferences rather than simply, as was then customary to give only if they were assets or liabilities by dragging their keys in the left back pocket or the back right pocket of their jeans. His joke was taken seriously by the gay community at the time, who was inspired by this idea by developing a color code reflecting precisely the sexual practices sought by the wearer. In announcing the color immediately, we savings and disappointment or frustration, and above it saves time, just like Grindr or PlanetRomeo these days, where users are invited to list their preferences for physical their partners and potential for sex.

The bandana, this small scarf print available in all colors of the rainbow in the sky, which can easily slip into a pocket, and associated in the collective imagination the figure of the cowboy archetype of virility, corresponded perfectly to the needs of "handkerchief code", which literally means "code of handkerchiefs", which was quickly nicknamed "hanky code". There are many online color charts that decrypt the coded language, color by color, and each time depending on whose side is worn the bandana. There are at least sixty coded messages.

A navy blue bandanna slid into the left rear trouser pocket for example indicates that the wearer is active, while it is worn on the right indicates that its owner is passive. Same principle to indicate whether a fan of BDSM is dominant or submissive, as the bandana, gray in this case is to the left or right. A square of fabric with a leopard print indicates that its owner loves tattoos when worn right, and he has himself if he left door. A lavender scarf tucked into the left pocket reveals an attraction to drag queens.

The "hanky code" is very subtle, it is a true art of nuance that can not tolerate any failure of an ocular nature. Misinterpretation and adventure can turn into a nightmare. Example: a red bandana with black printed pattern carried right ad than the one that bears looking for a "bear", while a bandana of the same color whose motive is not black in color indicates that the door on the left is a "fist-fucked." It thickens in blue tones. The degree of subtlety is such that certain tables in colors of hanky code dénombrent in six shades. Blue sky on the left: wants to get sucked. Blue sky on the left, with white printed pattern: I am a sailor. Blue color eggs robin: Amateur of 69. Blue Duck: I like torturing the private parts of my partners.

This coded language had its heyday in the 1970s and 1980s singer Bruce Springsteen makes it a snap on the cover of his Born in the USA record, released in 1984, on which he lays back a red cap slid into the right pocket of his blue jeans. Fell into disuse, the hanky code yet back on the front of the scene thanks to the American film "Hanky Code: The Movie," released this year and has just been presented to the Berlin Porn Film Festival.

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# 45 : Monday 21-12-2015 @ 20:11
 
 
The most famous homosexual relationship in Spanish history is that between Juan II (1405–1454) and his older lover Álvaro de Luna (c. 1390–1453), who shared a bedroom for years. The king is remembered as a great patron of literature, who sponsored the birth of Castilian lyric poetry, until that time missing from the culture. He is also remembered for his choice of Álvaro de Luna to take over the tiresome business of running the country. Luna has long been recognized as one of the best administrators Spain ever had, and because of his dramatic fall from favor and public execution he became a well-known figure in both poetry and drama. The story of Álvaro de Luna was a covert way for later authors, such as Tirso de Molina, to deal with the topic of homosexuality.

The love between Juan and Álvaro, for which there are many sources, is worthy of a novel as well. The relationship began when the king was 3, with the appointment of Álvaro as his page (doncel). The bond which quickly emerged between them was so strong that those hostile said the king was victim of an hechizo or enchantment; this in fact became a euphemism in Spain for “inappropriate” sexual desire. When the young king was 7, his mother exiled Álvaro and kept the king virtually a prisoner, a period that ended only with her death six years later. Juan and Álvaro were immediately reunited, and Álvaro, a brilliant conversationalist, was the favorite of many court ladies. He is also the author of one of the earliest and most balanced Spanish defenses of women against misogynist charges.

Save for a later period when the king was again prisoner and Álvaro exiled, which was intended to end their relationship, Juan and Álvaro remained together for thirty-five eventful years. They struggled together against a hostile aristocracy,sometimes fleeing together from superior force. The end came with Juan’s remarriage after his first wife’s death; his new wife, mother of the prudish Isabella the Catholic, was able to force the dismissal and then the execution of Álvaro. The king died a year later.

The homosexual tastes of Juan’s son Enrique IV (1425–1474) have been dealt with more openly. His reign was much more chaotic, and he seems to have suffered from a disease which affected his personality. Enrique did not have a governor with the talent of Álvaro de Luna and was unable to meet the challenges from the aristocracy. His marriage with his first wife Blanca was unconsummated and annulled; Enrique’s impotence was explained as enchantment. After remarriage, a major successorial and political issue arose concerning the legitimacy of his daughter Juana, widely believed to be the daughter of the court favorite Beltrán de la Cueva. Enrique was dethroned in effigy as “puto,” and during the latter part of his reign was almost without authority. A kind, cultured, but sick and weak man, like his father he enjoyed hunting expeditions, which apparently served as cover for homosexual activity. Juan II and Enrique IV stayed on comparatively good terms with both their Jewish subjects and the Islamic kingdom of Granada. Enrique in particular had a Moorish guard—the last Spanish ruler to do so until Franco—and gave other evidence of sympathy toward Spain’s non-Christian cultures.

http://thegayreich.tumblr.com/post/135406500115/lgbt-kings-juan-i etc ...
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